Wednesday, February 27, 2013

Pinara Design New Collection is Ready !!

Ancient Sun Symbols

Humans have long recognized the Sun's role in supporting life on Earth, and as a result many societies throughout history have paid homage to the Sun by giving it prominent roles in their religions and mythologies.

Most of the ancient civilizations, including the Sumerians, Hittites, Greeks, Mayans, and Egyptians, had a sun-god of some sort in their religious framework. The Sun Dance was an important ritual for the North American Plains Indians. Anasazi and Mayan people built sun observatories and used their findings to calculate time and weather patterns. For these people, the sun was often seen as the source of life, but also as a source of death and harsh control. In some cases, the religion centered on sun worship and in others it was part of a larger scheme. But the importance of the sun for these ancient peoples is clear in their stories and beliefs.

I am inspired by Egypt Falcon with the solar god Horus, the son of Osiris and Isis.
Horus himself was believed to appear in the form of the Pharaoh's falcon or as a "falcon-headed god". He could see everything at once because one of his eyes was the sun and the other was the moon. As the embodiment of Horus, the falcon wears a double crown.

I am inspired by Hittites Sun Disk from Alacahoyuk for these designs.
Bronze religious standard symbolizing the universe, used by Hittite priests; height: 34 cm; found at Alacahöyük; 2100-2000 BC; Product of Hattian art; Museum of Anatolian Civilizations, Ankara, Turkey.

The Hittites were an ancient people who spoke an Indo-European language and established a kingdom centered in Hattusa in northern Anatolia (the Asian part of modern Turkey) from the 18th century BC. In the 14th century BC, the Hittite Kingdom was at its height, encompassing central Anatolia, south-western Syria as far as Ugarit, and upper Mesopotamia. They became one of the great powers of the ancient world conquering Babylon and challenging Rameses II’s Egypt, Greece and Troy.

Hittite sites have now been discovered through large parts of Anatolia and northern Syria but the capital was at Boğazköy (Hattusas) 240km east of Ankara. The Museum of Anatolian Civilizations in Ankara (sometimes known colloquially as the Hittite Museum) has an excellent collection of Hittite relics.

Alacahoyuk is located 36km to the north-east of the Hattusa (Bogazkoy) in north central Turkey in the Corum province.

Alacahoyuk was an important city in pre-Hittite times, but after the Hittite conquest it remained in the shadow of the nearby capital Hattusa. The most important findings of the location are the artifacts from the pre-Hittite royal tombs dating from about 2500 B.C. But most of the standing monuments are from the Hittite times. Some of the most important findings of Alacahoyuk were the cult objects found in the royal tombs of pre-Hittite (Hatti) times from 3rd millennium BC. They are in the shape of sun discs or animals that represented gods. They are often found as grave gifts and must have been carried in funeral processions as religious standards.